Weapons to Combat Cyber Pornography
In our last article we brought before you about what is going with cyber pornography but now we will share with you about the weapons of different countries for fighting against cyber pornography. Some countries does not bother about cyber pornography with adults and some treats it very seriously even they block the pornographic web sites in their country. We can say that what is acceptable to one but non-acceptable to others. Before starting it is needless to say that all the countries are preventing those under the legal age (for most this means a minor under 18 or 21) from accessing pornographic content. So lets start about the legal sides of different countries against cyber pornography. (Source are different web sites and books).
1) USA: - With the exception of child pornography, the legal status of Internet pornography is still somewhat unsettled. If a local community determines a pornographic work to meet its standard for obscenity then it could be banned. This means that a pornographic magazine that might be legal in California could be illegal in Alabama. The first attempt to regulate pornography on the Internet was the federal Communications Decency Act of 1996. Another act intended to protect children from access to Internet pornography was the Children's Internet Protection Act (CIPA) of 2000. The production of sexually explicit materials is regulated under 18 U.S.C. 2257.
2) UK: - The sale or distribution of hardcore pornography through any channel was prohibited until the rules were relaxed in 2000, however the rules are still quite strict . The possession of pornographic images for private use has never been an offense in the UK. This means that UK citizens have always been able to access content on sites overseas without breaking any laws, except for child pornography.
3) Australia: - Since January 1999, internet pornography considered offensive or illegal has been subject to a statutory scheme administered by Australia’s media regulator, the Australian Communications and Media Authority (ACMA). Internet pornography will be ‘prohibited’ by ACMA if certain classification thresholds are met. These thresholds form part of the National Classification Scheme (which also applies to other forms of media such as publications, films and video games) and are agreed by the Attorneys-General of the Commonwealth, States and Territories.
4) Israel: - Internet pornography is allowed in Israel. Actors must be at least 18 years or older. Before 1996, this age was 16 years or older.
5) Indonesia: - law books of Indonesia KUHP (Kitab Undang-Undang Hukum Perdata) article number 282 said that "it is forbidden to spread a pornographic content"
6) Hong Kong: - Pursuant to the Control of Obscene and Indecent Articles Ordinance (Cap 390), it is an offence to publish an obscene article. Publication covers distribution, circulation, selling, hiring, giving, or lending the obscene article.
7) Germany: - Germany Passes Legislation to Block Child Pornography. On 18th June of this year Parliament passed the legislation, by a vote of 389 to 146.
8) Egypt: - Lawyer Nizar Ghorab (Ghorab translates to Crow in Arabic) filed a lawsuit calling for banning porn sites because they destroy the core values of the Egyptian society. The Administrative Court in Cairo ruled in his favor.
9) Japan: - Section 175 of the Japanese Criminal Code prohibits the distribution and exhibition of obscene "pictures" and "documents" in public. A violation of this section can be punished by prison terms of up to two years or fines of up to 2,500,000 yen (about 21,000 dollars).
10) India: - India has very strict laws about this. They have IT Act 2000 and IPC for combating with cyber pornography.
11) Philippines: - The Philippines has no laws against cyber pornography.( http://reynaelena.com)
So readers are requested to raise voice if this is misused.